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A Beginner's Guide to the Australian Financial Year

A Beginner's Guide to the Australian Financial Year

Ever wondered why tax time in Australia falls in the middle of the year?

That’s because Australia has a unique financial year (FY) that runs from July 1st to June 30th of the following year. Established in 1851, this system helps streamline tax collection and financial reporting for both individuals and businesses. It might seem odd at first, but it actually separates the busy summer months from tax filing deadlines.

The Australian financial year is an annual period that serves as the basis for tax calculations, budgeting, and financial reporting.

How do I write the financial year?

You’ll often see the financial year abbreviated as “FY” followed by the year it ends in. For example, right now we’re in FY 2024 (which began on July 1st, 2023 and ends on June 30th, 2024). There are a few other variations you might come across, such as FY24, FY23/24, or FY 2023/2024.

Why is the financial year important?

The financial year is important for a few reasons:

  • Tax Time: As mentioned earlier, the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) uses the financial year to assess your income tax for the previous year. So, when you lodge your tax return between July and October, you’ll be reporting on your income earned between July 1st of the previous year and June 30th of the current year.
  • Business Reporting: Many businesses in Australia use the financial year for their accounting purposes. This means their financial statements and reports will reflect their performance during the financial year.
  • Government Budgeting: The Australian government also uses the financial year for its budgeting process. This allows them to allocate funds for different programs and services throughout the year.

Understanding the financial year can help you:

  • Meet tax deadlines: By knowing the deadlines for lodging your company tax return (October 31st for individuals), you can avoid any late fees or penalties.
  • Plan your finances: Knowing the financial year cycle can help you with budgeting and planning for upcoming tax obligations.
  • Interpret financial reports: When looking at financial reports of businesses or the government, understanding the financial year will help you understand the timeframe for the data presented.


So, there you have it! The Australian financial year might seem a bit strange at first, but hopefully, this explanation has shed some light on why it exists and how it’s important. By understanding the financial year, you can be better prepared for tax time, manage your finances more effectively, and navigate the financial world in Australia with more confidence.

Gimbla Contributor | May 10th, 2024